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Africa rewriting its history: Walking into United States of Africa

Africa rewriting its history: Walking into United States of Africa

United States of Africa project seeks to establish a Unified African nation  with states which will incorporate both traditional leadership systems and African democracy.

As an  African nation we owe it to ourselves to correct the lies written about Africa by telling our stories from our own perspective.

We cannot take charge of our narrative without creating a single powerful source of power.

Africa must take charge of its destiny and demonstrate to the world that we are capable of building a prosperous African nation;the United States of Africa.

We have been using  the tiny spaces left over for us for too long,now its the time for Africa to create its own spaces and walk at its own pace.

For so long African leaders have been bombarded with countless lectures by their former colonizers who appear to have better understanding of African issues than Africans themselves but at some point we have to stand our ground and say enough is enough.

Africa is not a toddler which demands constant supervision and instructions from the West or East.

Time for Africans to manage their own affairs and walk with their heads held up high like the Europeans.

In order to achieve the unity we seek all Pan Africanists and organizations  must work together as divided we are weak.

With new  Pan African organizations sprouting like churches every day in Africa, there seems to be a new awakening but without fighting for African unity as a united force,our divided energies won’t bring the results we are seeking of a free and redeemed Africa.

Many are rushing to establish Pan African groups and organize events just to profit from Pan Africanism but are they really interested in reinvesting the money into African unity?

Pan Africanism has become more of a job opportunity for some while others see it as a business opportunity to make quick cash that they will reinvest somewhere else.

People must be careful which organizations or Pan African groups they associate with as many of those who claim to be Pan Africanists do not live the Pan Africanism ideals and whenever they hold events do not invite us to take part.

Pan Africanism is more than an ideology and demands that we embrace Pan African philosophy,ideals and lifestyle in our daily lives.

There is has been so much talk about United States of Africa but very few are willing to step up and make it a reality while others fear that they will meet the same fate that Col Muammar Gaddafi encountered when he championed this vision.

Unity of Africa is possible and can be achieved only if we work together towards the realization and implementation of this vision.

This is why Global Pan Africanism Network was founded to bring together all Pan African organizations with an aim of working collectively to ensure that the people of Africa are sensitized on the urgent need for United States of Africa.

The colonial boundaries created multiple sources of power and irregular regions which did not take account the diversity of the African people.

This has resulted into conflicts being experienced throughout Africa today and led to the rise of greedy dictators who want to die in power.

The political conflict  between Ambazonia and Cameroon is a testimony that the colonial boundaries continue dividing Africans till today.

The Berlin Conference to Divide Africa

The Colonization of the Continent by European Powers

 

The Berlin Conference was described by Harm J. de Bli in “Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts:”

“The Berlin Conference was Africa’s undoing in more ways than one. The colonial powers superimposed their domains on the African continent. By the time independence returned to Africa in 1950, the realm had acquired a legacy of political fragmentation that could neither be eliminated nor made to operate satisfactorily.”

Purpose of the Berlin Conference

In 1884, at the request of Portugal, German chancellor Otto  von Bismark called together the major western powers of the world to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. Bismark appreciated the opportunity to expand Germany’s sphere of influence over Africa and hoped to force Germany’s rivals to struggle with one another for territory.

At the time of the conference, 80 percent of Africa remained under traditional and local control. What ultimately resulted was a hodgepodge of geometric boundaries that divided Africa into 50 irregular countries. This new map of the continent was superimposed over 1,000 indigenous cultures and regions of Africa. The new countries lacked rhyme or reason and divided coherent groups of people and merged together disparate groups who really did not get along.

Map depicting the colonization of Africa after the Berlin Conference
ThoughtCo / Adrian Mangel

Countries Represented at the Berlin Conference

Fourteen countries were represented by a plethora of ambassadors when the conference opened in Berlin on November 15, 1884. The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified from 1814 to 1905), Turkey, and the United States of America. Of these 14 nations, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Portugal were the major players in the conference, controlling most of colonial Africa at the time.

Berlin Conference Tasks

The initial task of the conference was to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open to trade. Despite its neutrality, part of the Congo Basin became a personal kingdom for Belgium’s King Leopold II. Under his rule, over half of the region’s population died.

At the time of the conference, only the coastal areas of Africa were colonized by the European powers. At the Berlin Conference, the European colonial powers scrambled to gain control over the interior of the continent. The conference lasted until February 26, 1885 — a three-month period where colonial powers haggled over geometric boundaries in the interior of the continent, disregarding the cultural and linguistic boundaries already established by the indigenous African population.

Following the conference, the give and take continued. By 1914, the conference participants had fully divided Africa among themselves into 50 countries.

Major colonial holdings included:

  • Great Britain desired a Cape-to-Cairo collection of colonies and almost succeeded through their control of Egypt, Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), Uganda, Kenya (British East Africa), South Africa, and Zambia, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), and Botswana. The British also controlled Nigeria and Ghana (Gold Coast).
  • France took much of western Africa, from Mauritania to Chad (French West Africa), as well as Gabon and the Republic of Congo (French Equatorial Africa).
  • Belgium and King Leopold II controlled the Democratic Republic of Congo (Belgian Congo).
  • Portugal took Mozambique in the east and Angola in the west.
  • Italy’s holdings were Somalia (Italian Somaliland) and a portion of Ethiopia.
  • Germany took Namibia (German Southwest Africa) and Tanzania (German East Africa).
  • Spain claimed the smallest territory, which was Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni).

Division of Africa Made 16 African countries Landlocked.

Africa has 16 landlocked countries: Botswana, Burundi, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Lesotho is unusual in that it is landlocked by just one country (South Africa)

Unity of Africa will ensure that all these 16 countries get their fair share of  this important national resource for Africa;the ocean.

Under United States of Africa the ocean will be shared equally among the states to ensure that Africa’s economy grows at the same pace.

Considering the fact that there is no single country which can claim full rights to ownership of the Indian or Pacific ocean therefore its wrong to even brand Indian ocean as Indian yet the Indian Ocean drainage basin is divided into roughly 800 individual basins, half that of the Pacific, of which 50% are located in Asia, 30% in Africa, and 20% in Australasia.

Maritime Boundary Conflict Between Kenya and Somalia:

The area in the Kenya-Somalia maritime border dispute forms a triangle east of the Kenya coast. The hearing of the maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia will start on September 9 at the International Court of Justice in the Netherlands. GRAPHIC | NATION MEDIA GROUP

 

The ongoing conflict between Kenya and Somalia is motivated by greed as  Western oil companies and Middle East companies  continue scrambling for Africa’s natural resources.

Somalia has the second largest  coastline in Africa and comes after Madagascar’s with a length of 3,333 kilometers which is more than twice the coastline of Kenya. Geographically, it is situated on the horn of Africa, and it is covered with plateaus, highlands, and plains.

Somalia Coastline

Kenya on the other hand,has a coastline of  a total length of 1 420 km . Of this, some 650 km, representing 45.7 percent of the total is found in Lamu District which, in addition to its very irregular coastline, has several islands within its boundaries.

United States of Africa is the only hope to end exploitation  and scramble for Africa’s natural resources.

While Western and Middle East Companies are fighting for unimaginable wealth of Africa,Africans are dying every day in the Mediterranean sea seeking for dangerous greener pastures in the west.

Only through our unity that we will be able to utilize the natural resources to build a prosperous African nation.

Ghanian President Nana Akuffo Addo lamented at UNGA74 how the world is raping Africa but divided we are so weak to protect and defend our natural resources from plunderers.

Having a United African nation will enable us pull up our strengths and resources for the common benefit of Africa.

Its time for us to Industrialize Africa and create opportunities for the growing youthful population.

Africa must take charge of its own destiny and rewrite its history;a history of honour and integrity.

We are African people and belong to the African  nation.

Africa must unite or die.

Written by Daniel Mwambonu

Daniel Mwambonu is a Pan African Activist,the President of Global Pan Africanism Network and founder of United States of Africa Project.

Visit our page for more information :

https://www.facebook.com/USAfrika.gov/

 

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