With almost 3000 native languages spoken on the continent, Africa is the most multi-linguistic continent in the world and the most diverse in terms of culture and languages. We won’t be ranking languages that never originated from Africa like Portuguese, English, French etc., but the original African languages originated from Africans. Although many Africans speak Arabic as their first language, this influential language in North Africa originated from Middle East not Africa. These ten languages are solely from Africans, originated from Africa.
With over 100 million speakers, Kiswahili is the most spoken native language in Africa. Kiswahili is a Bantu language believed to have originated from other Bantu languages in Africa and Arabic. Kiswahili developed due to historical Arabs engagement in trade along east African coasts with Africans from the interior of the continent. Kiswahili developed as results of Arabs and Africans needs to understand each other. Kiswahili is the national and official language in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and one of the official languages in Rwanda. Other countries that speak Kiswahili include; Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Southern Somalia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Northern Mozambique and recently introduced in Zimbabwe. You can smoothly sail these beautiful countries of Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa if you’re conversant with Kiswahili. Many urban dwellers in East Africa speak Kiswahili as their first language.
Hausa language is spoken by Hausa people of West, North and Central Africa. They are the largest ethnic community in Africa, mostly dominating Nigeria and Niger. Hausa is the second most spoken native language in Africa after Kiswahili, numbering over 70 million native and second language speakers.
The Oromo language speakers can add up to 50 million speakers. The Oromo language also known as Afaan Oromo, is the most spoken language in Ethiopia. This Cushitic language is also spoken among the Oromo people of Kenya, Eritrea, Somalia and Egypt.
The number of speakers are estimated to be between 30 and 40 million. This language is spoken principally in Nigeria and Benin. The Yoruba communities found in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and other parts of Africa as well as Americas and Europe also speak this language as their first language. The remains of this language has been in use in Caribbean today. Afro-Brazilians also use the words from Yoruba.
The Igbo language is the native language of the Igbo people. It has about 28 million speakers in South-eastern Nigeria, Brazil, Jamaica, USA, Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Sierra Leone and Ghana. This language is recognized as the major language in Nigeria.
This is the second most spoken language in Ethiopia after Oromo. It is also the second most spoken Semitic language in the world after Arabic. It has 25 million native speakers mostly in Ethiopia and it is the Ethiopia’s official language making it one of the most influential language in Africa as the Ethiopians from other ethnic groups adopt it as the second language.
This is the official language in Somalia. It is spoken in Kenya, Ethiopia, among other Eastern African countries by Somali communities.There is an estimated 20 million speakers.
Twi is a common name for two dialects of former Akan language, Asante (Ashanti) and Akuapem. There are about 10 million speakers in Ghana, Ashanti Region and about 17 to 18 million Ghanaians speak as either first or second language.
Zulu is among the 11 South African official languages. About 12 million people speak this language as their first language and an estimated 16 million as the second language. Zulu is spoken in Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi and Mozambique.
Shona language (including all its dialects) is among the most spoken Bantu language in Africa. This language is mostly spoken in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique, with native speakers found mostly in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. There are total of around 12 million speakers.
Like Kiswahili, this language originated from Arabic. Berbers speakers are estimated to be 10 million, with mostly found in Morocco. Other Berber speaking are found in Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Northern Mali and Northern Niger. Small speaking populations can be found in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mauritania and the Spanish city of Melilla.