When he was sent to Algeria, Fanon was a Psychiatrist. Born on the Caribbean island of Martinique, which was then a French colony to a father who was of African descendant of African slaves and mother who was of Afro-Martiniciam and white descendants, inspired revolution in Algeria.
At the age of 17, Fanon enlisted in the Free French army when he run away from home due to French’s racisms and later joined an allied convoy that fought Nazis Germans.
Fanon was exposed to more white European racisms. For example, Fanon and his fellow black troops when they liberated European women from Fascists, they celebrated by choosing to dance with fascist Italiani prisoners, rather than show gratitude to their liberators.
Fanon was very sensitive to Europeans racisms against Africans and Black people in General.
When he was sent to Algeria as a physician, Fanon downed his tools and supported the Algerian War of Independence from France. Fanon was a member of the Algerian National Liberation Front. Fanon trained many nurses in Algeria. As he was treating torture victims of France’s soldiers and wounded French’s soldiers during suppressing of ant-colonial resistance, Fanon decided not continue supporting France’s anymore. He was able to aid Algeria in it’s fight for independence.
Through his work of poetry and writings and his life, Fanon inspired many liberation movements and radical political organizations in Palestine, Sri Lanka, South Africa and United States.
Fanon inspired leaders like Ali Shariat of Iran, Steve Biko, Malcolm X and Ernesto Che Guevara of Cuba. Stokey Carmichael who later renamed himself Kwame Ture quoted directly in his preface Franzt Fanon’s book Wretched of the Earth. Carmichael and Charles Hamilton had included much of Fanon’s theory on colonialism in their work.
Franzt Fanon inspired Black Power group, Black Panther Party. Bobby Seale, the Chairman of Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton were influenced by Frantz Fanon’s book Wretched of the Earth. They included much of the book’s work in the party platform.
Bolivian indianist Fausto Reinaga had some influence on Fanon’s Wretched of the Earth, he mentioned the book in his magnum opus La Revolución India, advocating for decolonisation of native South Americans from European influence.
Fanon’s work influenced Brazilian educationist Paulo Freire as well. Fanon’s work influenced and affected African literature. Ghana’s Ayi Kwei Armah, Senegal’s Ken Bugul, and Ousmane Sembène, Zimbabwe’s Tsitsi Dangaremba and Kenya’s Ngūgī wa Thiong’o, all referenced theory of Fanon. Ngûgî goes to argue in Decolonisation of Minds which is a theory of Wretched of the Earth.
Today many thinkers are referencing the work of Fanon.
Fanon was diagnosed with leukemia where he went to Soviet Union for treatment where he experienced some remission of his illness. The CIA arranged a trip to US for Fanon’s further leukemia treatment at National Institute of Health facility. Fanon died in Bethesda, Maryland on December 1961, at only 36 years old. He was buried in Algeria after lying in state in Tunisia.
After reading this, read about Black Messiah who liberated holocaust victims.
Also you can read about one of the greatest Pan-Africanist in African soil Patrice Lumumba.